Cavia porcellus, or more commonly known as the guinea pig or the cavy, is a type of rodent that neither lives in Guinea, nor is part of the family of pigs. Originally from the Andes, they are considered domesticated animals therefore are not available in the wild. Most popular in the South American indigenous tribes use them as a food source. They are also regularly used for medicinal purposes. There was even a time when there were efforts to bring guinea pig consumption outside South America. However, in Western societies, guinea pigs are very popular as pets. Unfortunately, there are those owners who lack guinea pig info on how to properly take care of them.Cavies should be bought from reputable pet shops to make sure that they are in good health. Either that or you can buy your cavy from a breeder that you know well or who has a good reputation, or you could adopt your pet from a shelter. The cavy has a lifespan that ranges from five to eight years, especially if you take care of them properly. Signs of good health are as follows: shiny coat, bright eyes, clean ears, absence of discharge and crusting on the nose, with the teeth fitting perfectly over the bottom teeth when the mouth is closed.Before bringing your new pet home, you need to make sure that you already have all the necessary things that it will need to stay healthy. You will need a large cage at least 7 square feet for one guinea pig or 10 square feet for two. You can expect you critter to be scared the first time you bring it home, so try to allow it to adjust before you handle it. If you plan to keep the cage outside, do not place it under direct sunlight and from places with extreme draughts, which can cause heat stroke and a cold. If kept inside the house, buy a plastic cage and place it on a table so that your cavy won’t feel intimidated by your height and please keep noise to a minimum. To make sure that your pet is comfortable with you, try feeding it a treat with your bare hands. Only when it feels secure shouldn you try to carry it.They can be picky eats but this will depend on the animal you buy or adopt. If it is an older animal they will already be used to a certain diet and feeding routine, so it’s important to know what this is and maintain it. If you wish to change your pets diet, do so gradually over a period time. You will only cause distress and depression otherwise. If you get a young animal, feed a wide ranging diet predominately made up of hay, pellets, a cup of diced fruit and veggies and fresh water.An important part of grooming is to clip their nails regularly. Yes, you need to clean the cage to avoid it from getting sick, but you also need to consider cutting their fur to minimize the chances of dirt and droppings sticking to their coats. Brushing the fur can also keep any illnesses in check.This short guinea pig info should suffice you when you consider buying a guinea pig, but before you do, you need to consider whether owning a guinea pig is good for you and the guinea pig. Remember, you need to take care of it not only as a pet but as a family member, so do think about it. This guinea pig info article can help you initially, but of course, it is recommended that you do further research on the subject matter.